Bengal gram (Chana Dal) flour is one of the most ancient flours used in India. It finds prominent mention in ancient texts as part of a wholesome, balanced meal.
Indian cuisine uses Besan in two forms. Namely, coarse texture, or gargara, for dishes that require a granular and crunchy consistency, prepared from coarsely ground Besan. This includes fritters, bhajiyas, sweets, etc. And then comes fine texture, for dishes that require a free-flowing smooth consistency, prepared from Fine Besan.